Health & Fitness

Hyperthyroidism Diet: Foods to eat and avoid

There have been many discussions about the influence of the Hyperthyroidism Diet.

In fact, in recent years, various clinical research works have carried out.

The main aim of studying the impact of diet as a complement to the medical treatment of hyperthyroidism.

Thus, the hyperthyroidism diet is effective in improving the course of the disease and, of course, the quality of life of the patients.

Let’s see what the conclusions are:

What should I eat if I have hyperthyroidism?

What diet should I follow?

Are there any foods that I should avoid?

What is hyperthyroidism, and what are its causes?

Before we discuss with Hyperthyroidism Diet, it is important to know about the disease.To begin with, and as we already explained above, hyperthyroidism is a disorder of the thyroid gland that affects 0, 2% of the population.It encompasses a wide range of diseases, such as various Multinodular Goiters, toxic Thyroid adenomas, or Graves-Basedow disease.

Hyperthyroidism Diet

Regardless of the cause of hyperthyroidism, maintaining a balanced diet is essential.

For this reason, it is vital to consult your doctor and have a multidisciplinary team that has expert dietitians-nutritionists.

According to studies, the main characteristic of the hyperthyroidism diet is related to limiting the nutrients that help produce thyroid hormone (Iodine).

Enhancing those antioxidants, those that help regenerate healthy cells (Selenium).

What should I eat if I have hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism Diet foods

1. Selenium rich foods

If you have hyperthyroidism, you must follow a diet rich in Selenium.

The Selenium is a micro-mineral found in red meats, fish, vegetables, pine nuts, eggs, mushrooms, and wheat, among others.

The relationship between hyperthyroidism and Selenium has been the result of numerous studies in recent years.

Thus, Selenium has shown to play an essential role in the immune-endocrine balance.

2. Vitamin E rich foods

Above all, thanks to its high antioxidant activity at the cellular level, a function it shares with vitamin E.

The thyroid gland has a high concentration of Selenium.

This suggests that it could help to eliminate oxygen free radicals generated during hormonal production.

With this, it seems that it could promote the regeneration of healthy cells.

What shouldn’t eat if I have hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism bad foods

1. High Iodine Foods

If you have hyperthyroidism, you should follow a hyperthyroidism diet low in Iodine.

Hence, this statement is based on the result of several studies that demonstrate a reduction in the production of a hormone (T4).

It is produced by the thyroid gland in those hyperthyroid patients who restricted their intake of Iodine.

2. High Carbohydrates

So, if you have hyperthyroidism, you should not eat salt, grain, cereals, and some type of bread, seafood, milk, and other dairy products.

That is the primary source of Iodine.

Taking into account that it is essential to have a balanced diet, the restriction should be partial and never complete.

In other words, avoid their exclusion but rationalize consumption.

Main characteristics of a diet for hyperthyroidism


Given that the published results, we can affirm that the diet should be:

  • Low in salt (especially Iodine)

  • Rich in Selenium.

The follow-up of a diet with these characteristics is recommended as a complement to the medical treatment of hyperthyroidism.

Hence it will help to improve the course of the disease and the quality of life of the patients.

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